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State Constitutions and Governments without Essence in Post-Independence Africa

Governance along a Failure-Success Continuum with Illustrations from Benin, Cameroon and the DRC

Joy Alemazung

This book in a diagnostic approach looks at the problems plaguing Africa, a continent rich in human and natural resources yet the poorest in the world. The main question is: what is the purpose of government in Africa? As illustrated by different empirical examples, the study argues that the creation of states and governments after colonialism was a «false start» and was not impacted by the social contract principle of men forming government to preserve the common good. The result is a leadership culture of government against the people with weak institutions in favour of strong autocratic rulers. The core of this study is a solution seeking approach with alternative political forms.

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Primary Documents AFRICAN PEER REVIEW MECHANISM (ARPM): BASE DOCUMENT, 6th Summit of the NEPAD Heads of State and Government Implementation Committee, 9th March 2003, Abuja, NIGERIA Benin Constitution: Loi No. 90-32 du 11 Décembre 1990 Portant Constitution de la Republic de Bénin. Cameroon Constitution: Law No. 96-06 of 18 January 1996 to amend the Cons- titution of 2 June 1972/ Loi n° 96-06 du 18 Janvier 1996 Portant révision de la Constitution du 02 juin 1972. Democratic Republic of Congo Constitution: Constitution de la République dé- mocratique du Congo, Mai 2005. MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING ON THE AFRICAN PEER RE- VIEW MECHANISM, NEPAD/HSGIC/03-2003/APRM/MOU, 09 March 2003. Organisation of African Unity – OAU 1992: OAU Charter and Rules of Proce- dure. Addis Ababa: OAU. The Constitutive Act of the African Union, Lomé, Togo, 11th July, 2000. The Organisation of African Unity (OAU) Charter, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 25th day of May, 1963. Monographs, articles and other sources Acemoglu, Daron, Thiery Verdier and James A. Robinson (2004): Kleptocratic and divide-and-rule: A model of personal rule, in: Journal of the Euro- pean Economic Association, 2(2-3): 162-192. Adesina, J.O. (2002): Development and the Challenge of Poverty: NEPAD. Post-Washington Consensus and Beyond, Paper presented at the South African Sociological Association Congress, Regent Hotel, East London, South Africa, 30 June – 3 July. Afoaku, G. Osita (2005): Explaining the Failure of Democracy in the Democ- ractic Republic of Congo, Lewiston/Queenston/Lampeter: The Edwin Mellen Press. Africa Confidential 31, No.7 (April 1990): Benin: Test-tube Democracy: 4-5....

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