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Existence, Sense and Values. Essays in Metaphysics and Phenomenology

Edited by Sebastian Tomasz Kołodziejczyk

Series:

Sebastian Kołodziejczyk

This collection of essays is about some of the most fundamental issues connected with metaphysics, theory of values and philosophy of man. In the first part of the book, the author is trying to answer questions concerning both the methodological status of metaphysics and the main subject-matter of metaphysical investigations. He convincingly argues that metaphysics is an indispensable domain of research that may help us to understand the world and what we experience in much better manner. In the next part, the author draws our attention to the problem of existence and the ways we experience it. The question on existence is definitely the central issue of this entire volume, also in the next two parts of the book where the author focuses on values, their origins and status as well as their relationship to human nature. What is particularly intriguing about this collection of essays is its unique and fruitful combination of different methodologies and traditions in one rich and persuasive picture of the most basic philosophical problems.

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Foreword ............................................................................................................... 7 Source Note ......................................................................................................... 11 Part I Foundations and Methods ................................................................................ 13 The Fundamental Question of Metaphysics ....................................................... 15 Metaphysics as a Science .................................................................................... 35 Ontology, Metaphysics, Dialectics ..................................................................... 63 Phenomenology and Dialectics ........................................................................... 87 Part II Existence and Experience ................................................................................. 95 Three Conceptions of Existence ......................................................................... 97 What is Existence? ............................................................................................ 115 Experience of Being – Experience of Existence ............................................... 131 Three Notions of Non-Being ............................................................................ 143 Experience and Interpretation ........................................................................... 149 Part III Towards a Theory of Values .......................................................................... 167 On the Concepts of Beauty ............................................................................... 169 Aesthetic and Super-aesthetic Values ............................................................... 189 On the Truthfulness of the Work of Art ........................................................... 209 Transcendentals and Values .............................................................................. 229 Part IV Metaphysics of Human Being ........................................................................ 243 Man as Ἀρχή ...................................................................................................... 245 On the Specific Mode of Human Existence ...................................................... 247 Axiological Structure of Human Being ............................................................ 257 Freedom and Value ........................................................................................... 273 Rationalism and Metarationalism ..................................................................... 281

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