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Non-Western Reflection on Politics

Petr Drulák and Sárka Moravcová

Recent rise of the non-Western parts of the world makes the need for a genuine global dialogue more urgent than ever before. To take an effective part in it, the West needs to face a conceptual challenge. The Western understanding of the political world is based on such deeply ingrained concepts as power, politics, statecraft, cooperation, multilateralism, dependence, identity or human rights. The Westerners tend to wrongly assume that everyone else is bound to share these concepts. This book shows that the reality is different. Investigating African, Asian, Islamic and Latin American political thinking, the book introduces non-Western concepts of politics as well as non-Western readings of seemingly familiar Western concepts. By doing this, it points to the obstacles to the global dialogue as well as to opportunities which may be exploited.

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Dar al-islam, Dar al-harb and Hijra: Classical Paradigms in Modern Arab World - Miloš Mendel

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Dar al-islam, Dar al-harb and Hijra: Classical Paradigms in Modern Arab World Miloš Mendel Introduction The following contribution strives to demonstrate the recent durability, vitality and actual consequences of the most relevant geopolitical concepts of classical Islamic law and political theory. This chapter will contain a concise explanation of the classical Islamic division of the world, as well as some remarks on the revival of the topic in the era of colonialism and post-colonialism. The central part presents two of many possible examples of paradigms of Islamic political theory that influence the contemporary history of the Middle East region. Almost all socio-political problems of the contemporary Islamic world have been, at least in the ideological sense, deeply rooted in the formative and/or classical period of Islamic history. Their specific features, if compared to the history of Judaism and Christianity, are created by a complex of factors. These include the lack of key chapters of the European late Middle Ages and modern history such as the Renaissance, the broad stream of Protestantism emphasiz- ing the spiritual value of hard work and creativity, philosophical humanism, mercantilism, the beginnings of the capitalist economic system based on its own impulses and the parallel process of the secularisation of society, its edu- cation and culture as a whole. All this and many other additional factors led to the situation in which many genuine trends of Islamic thought, mainly the ideological concepts shap- ing the framework of political life all over the Islamic World, are “genetically...

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