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Institutional and Livelihood Changes in East African Forest Landscapes

Decentralization and Institutional Change for Sustainable Forest Management in Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania and Ethiopia

Edited By Franz Gatzweiler

This book presents research articles and essays which analyze the consequences of decentralization on forest conditions and livelihoods in Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania and Ethiopia. Authors from the East African collaborative research centers of the International Forestry Resources and Institutions (IFRI) Research Program demonstrate that the institutional changes resulting from decentralization create costs for those who need to re-institutionalize and re-organize the management of forest and land resources. This requires investment into information, communication, education and into the re-building of social capital. Cases in which collective action has worked and contributed to improving livelihoods and forest conditions can be exemplary, while failures can be equally useful for learning about East Africa and beyond.


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The contributions to this book come from junior and senior researchers from Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania and Ethiopia, and outside of East Africa. All are dedi- cated to the understanding of institutions, institutional changes and the impact institutions have on forest conditions, landscapes, people’s livelihoods and the interlinkages. I am particularly grateful to lead coordinating authors of this vo- lume: William Gombya-Ssembajjwe (Makerere University, Uganda), Abwoli Y. Banana (Makerere University, Uganda), Daniel Waiswa (Makerere University, Uganda), Paul Ongugo (Kenya Forestry Research Institute), Emily Obonyo (Kenya Forestry Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya), Emmanuel Luoga (Sokoine Universi- ty, Morogoro, Tanzania), George Kajembe (Sokoine University, Morogoro, Tan- zania) and Tadesse Woldemariam Gole (Environment and Coffee Forest Forum, Ethiopia) for their contribution to the selection of articles for this volume and their participation in the review process. The authors are all linked to the collaborative research centers (CRC) of the International Forestry Resources and Institutions (IFRI) research network, founded by Prof. Elinor Ostrom and currently hosted by Prof. Arun Agrawal at the School of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Michigan. We gratefully acknowledge a grant (No. 83.727) from the Volkswagen Foundation which enabled the research activities which led to this publication. Maryanne Wachira’s support with various rounds of editing is gratefully acknowledged.

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