Communicative practices among migrant youth in Germany: ‘Insulting address forms’ as a multi-functional activity. Susanne Günthner
Communicative practices among migrant youth in Germany: ‘Insulting address forms’ as a multi-functional activity Susanne Günthner 1. Introduction1 Globalization and migrant movements are transforming the communicative environment of late modernity.2 Germany, as well as other Western European countries, is not only develop- ing from a monoethnic to a multiethnic but also from a monolingual to a multilingual socie- ty. As a result, new communicative practices are unfolding. Language mixing and creoliza- tion are emerging, the relationship between majority and minority languages becoming more complex and dynamic (Hewitt 1994; Rampton 1995; Kotsinas 1998; Auer 2002; Hinnen- kamp 2005; Dirim and Auer 2004; Keim 2002a, b; Kallmeyer and Keim 2003; Hinnenkamp and Meng 2005). Along with the development of new forms of linguistic diversity, we ob- serve the construction of new forms of social and cultural identities. Belongings are also no longer considered solely related to regional roots and local residencies. Youth with a migrant background, for example, reject simple self-categorizations like migrants’, ‘Turks’, ‘Arabs’, ‘Russians’ or ‘Germans’. Instead, multi-cultural places, multiple belongings, and multi- cultural identities are evolving. The ‘natural’ links between nation, cultural practices, identi- ties, and language are dissolving (Jacquemet 2005). The category of ‘transmigration’ (Stein 2008) provides an approach with which to de- scribe this cultural as well as linguistic ‘in-betweenness’ which transcends the traditional paradigm of migration. It does not look at migrant or minority speech communities as isolat- ed entities inside a nation-state to be analyzed in opposition to the dominant, standard na- tional language....
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