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Educating Competencies for Democracy

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Edited By Ewa Nowak, Dawn Schrader and Boris Zizek

While democratic ideals are cherished by many worldwide, practice and competence in democratic procedures and behaviors are fading. Educating for democracy involves teaching skills that contribute to the democratic ideals, such as fairness, due process, and respect for the dignity, rights, and autonomy of others. In this volume, researchers from throughout the world draw from the Dual-Aspect Theory, the Konstanz Method of Dilemma Discussion, and the Moral Judgment Test, developed by German psychologist Georg Lind to advance democratic competencies. Grounded in Lawrence Kohlberg’s theory of moral judgment, contributors report research at various levels of social engagement, such as schools, workplaces, governments, prisons, and communities, to describe how people can, and do, develop democratic competencies that hold promise for creating interactions and institutions that are just and fair.

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Part III: Developingand Living Democracy

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Part III Developing and Living Democracy Antanas Mockus Morality Is Not Everything: Bogotà also Listened to the Voices of Law and Culture Abstract: This essay is organized into seven sections. First, the main thesis is intro- duced: Democracy depends on the differentiation and harmonization of three regula- tory systems: law, morality and culture. Next the argument follows that public policies depend strongly on legal changes being accompanied by changes in moral and social rules. The other sections report on the legal, moral (also motivational) and cultural education of Bogotà’s citizens. Keywords: law, morals, citizenship, civic culture, motivation education Introduction Bogota changed a lot between 1995 to 20031 (Alcaldía Mayor Santa Fe de Bogotá 1997; DAPD, 2003; Gilbert & Garcés, 2008). This change was partly due to the fact that both citizens and the local government started to learn how to choose the most generous attribution of mo- tives, making them compatible with the facts, and to select and apply the corresponding legal, moral or cultural rule(s). Everyday regulato- ry behavior and its effect on common behavior were made visible: 350,000 drivers used a citizen’s card showing thumbs up and thumbs ________________ 1 This is illustrated by a reduction in homicides, an improvement in tax behavior, a reduction in the justification of illegality for economic benefit and for custom, and a sharp reduction in the approval for the bear of arms (DAPD, 2003, 1: 15 and 2003, 2: 50). 306 Antanas Mockus down to celebrate good behavior or...

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