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The Land Between

A History of Slovenia

Edited By Oto Luthar

This is a history of a space – a space between the Panonian plain in the East and the most northernmost bay in the Adriatic in the West, from the eastern Alps in the North and the Dinaridic mountain area in the South. It is also a history of all the different people who lived in this area. The authors show that the Slavs did not settle an empty space and simply replace the Celto-Roman inhabitants of earlier times; they are, on the contrary, presented as the result of reciprocal acculturation. The authors show that the Slovenes made more than two important appearances throughout the entire feudal era; the same holds for later periods, especially for the twentieth century. This book offers a concise and complete history of an area that finally became an integral part of Central Europe and the Balkans.

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SLOVENIA AFTER THE LIBERATION

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THE “PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC” AND THE TIME OF SOCIALISM THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE “NEW ORDER” Elections to Local National Liberation Committees took place as early as May–August 1945, firstly in the Littoral and finally in fourteen districts around Ljubljana. Their principal aim was to legitimize the OF’s determinations, the first phase of which ended in mid-July with the OF’s First Congress in Ljubljana. As so often before, Kardelj and Kidrič were the most prominent speakers. Kardelj talked about the OF’s historical role and its new tasks, and also about the opponents to the new order, and to some extent even foreshadowed the Home Guards’ fate. Kidrič focused on the OF’s attitude towards individual parties and the clergy, as well as the development that “transformed the OF from a coalition to a united movement.” Further political developments were profoundly influenced by the political climate across the entire “Democratic Federative Yugoslavia,” which acquired its first “provisional people’s assembly” at the third AVNOJ Council on August 10, 1944, in Belgrade. One of the first major laws passed by the new authorities was the Law on Agrarian Reform and Colonization. The document, issued by the SNOS Presidency in December, took away most Church land holdings and those of nonfarmers (everything over 3 hectars), liquidated large feudal estates, and expropriated all landed property from German citizens and “enemies of the state.” A considerable share of confiscated land was distributed among 10,000- odd “persons with agrarian interests” and colonists (around 10 percent of the confiscated...

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