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«De manibus Valachorum scismaticorum ... »

Romanians and Power in the Mediaeval Kingdom of Hungary- The Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries

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Ioan-Aurel Pop

The medieval history of the Romanians in the Hungarian kingdom still represents one of the most delicate subjects in European history. This book is the product of more than thirty years of research, and thus provides new and balanced insights into that history, revealing both the rise and the decline of communities and individuals, as well as the diversity of these borderlands of Christian Europe.

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16. Outgoing Romanians, incoming Romanians,or the limits of mediaeval mobility

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16. Outgoing Romanians, incoming Romanians, or the limits of mediaeval mobility In connection with the mediaeval world, what has gradually been creat- ed, on the one hand, is the cliché of the people’s immobility, of a self- sufficient economy, of the domain where all that was necessary was pro- duced, of inhabitants who were riveted to their modest villages, with no horizon and without the power or desire to move. On the other hand, under the impression of the migrations that dominated the early mediaeval stage in the entire Europe and, in particular, its central-eastern part, some histori- ans have overestimated the major population movements, exaggerated their volume, and invested mobility with a role that it never had or only had in relation to particular populations and population groups. The representa- tives of the “old” and relatively steadfast peoples, as were the Romance peoples, all born in the former Roman provinces and on the ruins of the Roman Empire, privileged the thorough settlement of their people and countries, opting for life that was, above all, sedentary, steady, conducted without major interruptions and without geographical shifts of large ethnic groups. By contrast, the scholars of the peoples descended mainly from the migrators, from groups that moved across vast distances–such as the Hun- garians, some of the Germanics and even some of the Slavs–conceived of almost all the peoples as being on the move, with spectacular “hearth” shifts, and also judged the others, especially their neighbours, by their own image...

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