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Of Medicine and Men

Biographies and Ideas in European Social Medicine between the World Wars

Iris Borowy and Anne Hardy

Social medicine was one of the key health paradigms of the early twentieth century. It perceived public health as a function of social conditions and aimed at improving it through comprehensive, horizontal strategies. Yet, it was no homogeneous or static phenomenon. Depending on time, place and circumstances, it took different, sometimes ideologically contradictory forms. This volume portrays leading medical experts from seven European countries. Their juxtaposition reveals a network of international interaction and shows how different people coped with the crises of the time in different ways, sometimes as part of the scientific mainstream, sometimes as opposition under attack, sometimes in exile. Their biographies reflect an ambivalent interplay of biomedicine, politics and social theory.


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5 7 1. Selskar 'Mike' Gunn and Public Health Refonn in Europe 23 Socrates Litsios 2. Bela Johan ( 1889-1983) and Public Health in Inter-war Hungary 45 Erik Ingebrigtsen 3. Andrija Stampar (1888-1958): 73 Resolute Fighter for Health and Social Justice Zeljko Dugac 4. Melville Mackenzie ( 1889 - 1972) 103 'Feed the people and prevent disease, and be damned to their politics.' Zoe Sprigings 5. Actions not Words. Thorvald Madsen, Denmark, and International 127 Health. 1902-1939 Anne Hardy 6. In the Shadow of Grotjahn Gennan Social Hygienists in the International Health Scene Iris Borowy 7. Gustavo Pittaluga (1876 - 1956) Science as a W eapon for Social Reform in a Time of Crisis Esteban Rodriguez-Ocana & Iris Borowy 8. A Posthumous Audit Medical Biography and the Social History of Medicine Patrick Zylberman Notes on Contributors 145 173 197 221

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