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Vulnerable Domains for Cross-Linguistic Influence in L2 Acquisition of Greek

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Sviatlana Karpava

The book investigates adult second language (L2) acquisition of Greek by first language (L1) Russian speakers in the bi-dialectal setting of Cyprus. The participants all reside in Cyprus and came from former Soviet republics to Cyprus as young adults. The focus of the study is on the L2 acquisition of determiners, clitics and morphological agreement and relevant interpretable and uninterpretable features such as gender, person, number and case in both nominal and verbal domains. This explorative study of the real linguistic situation in Cyprus concerning adult second language/dialect acquisition tests theoretical hypotheses and provides insight into language development.

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List of Tables......................................................................................23 List of Abbreviations ........................................................................27 Chapter 1: Introduction ...................................................................31 1.1 Introduction: L2 acquisition theories ............................................31 1.2 Background to the study ...............................................................34 1.3 Research questions .......................................................................38 1.4 Contribution of the dissertation....................................................39 1.5 Dissertation organisation ..............................................................40 Chapter 2: Second Language Acquisition Theories ....................43 2.1 Internal/external focus on SLA .....................................................43 2.2 Age factor and critical period in L2 acquisition ............................51 2.3 External and internal factors in L2 acquisition .............................57 2.4 L1/L2 and adult/child processing ..................................................61 2.5 L1/L2 and cross-linguistic transfer ................................................65 2.6 L2 acquisition vs. second dialect acquisition .................................70 2.7 The role of UG in L2 acquisition ..................................................75 2.7.1 Access to UG in L1 and L2 ...............................................75 2.7.2 Feature interpretability .....................................................79 2.7.3 Move F. Movement: covert/overt. Features: strong/weak .......................................................79 2.7.4 Agree by feature matching ................................................81 2.7.5 Agree by feature sharing ...................................................83 2.7.6 Functional categories and inflectional morphology in L2 .............................................................85 18 Chapter 3: Methodology .................................................................93 3.1 Type of research ...........................................................................93 3.2 Data collection, validity and reliability of research .......................97 3.3 L2 corpus .....................................................................................99 3.4 Sampling.....................................................................................101 3.5 Ethical considerations/Procedure ................................................102 3.6 Participants.................................................................................103 3.7 Materials/Procedure....................................................................107 3.7.1 Questionnaire .................................................................108 3.7.2 Interviews .......................................................................111 3.7.3 Observation ....................................................................113 3.7.4 Oral data elicitation ........................................................114 3.8 Data transcription, coding and analysis ......................................116 Chapter 4: L2 Greek Clitic Acquisition ......................................119 4.1 Clitics cross-linguistically............................................................119 4.2 Greek clitics ................................................................................128 4.2.1 CG vs. SMG ...................................................................134 4.2.2 CG vs. SMG clitics .........................................................135 4.2.3 Clitic omission cross-linguistically ..................................139 4.2.4 L1 acquisition of Greek clitics ........................................142 4.2.5 L2 acquisition of Greek clitics and determiners ..............146 4.3 Predictions: L1 Russian speakers acquire L2 Greek clitics ..........150 4.4...

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