Chapter 5: Collective Bargaining
5.1 The Significance and the Role of Collective Bargaining: Introductory Remarks The term “collective bargaining” has two meanings worldwide46. In its broad sense, it refers to any form of communication between employees and employ- ers, whereas in its narrow sense it refers to collective bargaining, resulting in binding texts mutually acceptable, that is, collective bargaining agreements. According to the definition adopted by International Labour Convention 154: “for the promotion of collective bargaining”47, the term “collective bargain- ing” refers to all negotiations that take place, between an employer, on the one hand, and a group of employers or one or more employers’ organizations, on the other hand, in order to (a) determine the terms and conditions of employ- ment (or employment conditions); and / or (b) to regulate relations between employers or professional organizations and one or more unions. Collective bargaining is one of the oldest and most important institutions in industrial re- lations that emerged in the 19th century (Koukoules, 1985, p. 414)and followed the course of the development of mass trade union movement, especially dur- ing the first and second industrial revolution. It is the expression of the right to collective autonomy (Daskalakis, 1993, pp. 209–211), and is connected with the right to form unions, which is usually safeguarded with the constitutions of the European Nation-States.48 The importance of collective bargaining is de- termined by the fact that the institution that developed in free economy and in the countries of the former socialism – with, of course,...
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