The publication examines the ever pressing issue of self-harm in adolescence in a complex way and concentrates on both historical context of the develop- ment of the classification system of self-harm and terminological anchoring of the bases for self-harm At the same time, it presents an overview of principal theoretical standpoints for self-harm as well as the models of self-harming be- haviour which are based on them. In the context of the results of current research studies, it describes its prevalence, aetiology and comorbidity, and focuses on the specifics of this risky form of behaviour in the process of adolescence, including the impact of the developmental changes on its development. It presents in detail the basic protective and risky factors of self-harm and all the important influ- ences which contribute to its final image. It offers a basic overview of diagnostic tools presently used in both research and clinical practice, and completes it with an outline of fundamental approaches to prevention, therapy and treatment of self-harm in adolescence. Unlike other publications concentrating on this subject, the presented study includes the results of a unique research study, which was carried out with the help of the author. It maps the lexical trace of the term self-harm in adolescents and also the differences in the perception of this term between adolescents with- out any experience with self-harm, with a vicarious experience with self-harm, and with their own, often repeated, experience with this behaviour. These differ- ences contribute to the complex picture of...
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