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Introduction to the Study of the History of Epistemology



The text is structured in chronological and ideological order and presents nine basic types of the classical perception of the problem of knowledge through an analysis of the atomistic theory of perception, Platonism, Aristotle’s doctrine, scepticism, rationalism, sensualism, Kant’s theory, phenomenological-existential, pragmatic, and (post) analytical perceptions. The proposed work aspires to be an introduction (not a complete presentation, neither in the number of types, nor in a full interpretation) and a basis for the reader’s interpretations which is reflected in the structure of the text.


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Introduction to the Study of the History of Epistemology


7Introduction to the Study of the History of Epistemology   Writing about the history of epistemology is somewhat strange and, in a  certain way, an unappreciated enter- prise. It is diffi cult in much the same way as writing about the history of thinking and particularly of philoso- phy itself. There are several aspects to it. The fi rst aspect is the methodology of the history of philosophy and particularly the history of epistemology. 1/ It seems that one of the most natural approaches to depicting the history of philosophical (epistemologi- cal) thinking, is to present a chronological account of the philosophical opinions about the problem of knowledge in the way that these opinions were recorded in the texts of the individual thinkers. Similar to any other histo- ries, this task could be approached by providing a virtual chronological account of the thinking, and highlighting the most important milestones in the development and 8formation of individual schools of thought according to their historical relevance. However, problems would arise right from the beginning of such an approach. 1.1/ The fi rst serious problem of the history of phi- losophy is the fact that it is not clear when and where phi- losophy as a discipline evolved, or when it actually began. If we look in textbooks, we discover that the authors of various histories have often stated diff erent dates and places (Greek islands vs. ancient China, India, Meso- potamia, or even the territory of ancient Egypt), espe- cially when stating diff erent in...

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