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Academic Writing

Selected Topics in Writing an Academic Paper

Series:

Silvia Gáliková

The textbook concentrates on selected topics and problematic aspects in preparing a cohesive and well-organised academic paper, such as: the relation between thinking and writing, establishing arguments, using logic and appropriate language in argumentative writing. The author considers writing as thinking made visible, as thinking in slow motion, a process whereby we can inspect and reflect on what we are thinking about. Writing doesn’t simply convey thought, it also forges it. It is a two-way street, both expressing and generating ideas.

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Introduction

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The aim of this text is to introduce students to a vari- ety of factors that contribute to strong, well-organised writing. The following text will concentrate on selected topics and problematic aspects in preparing a  cohesive and well-organised academic paper, such as: the relation between thinking and writing, establishing arguments and using logic and appropriate language in argumenta- tive writing. In the following chapters the subject mat- ter of philosophy is understood in presenting relevant arguments. Thus, the primary focus of a  philosophy paper is the argument. An argument in philosophy is not merely a disagreement between people. An argument is a set of premises or reasons that are presented as support or grounds for believing a conclusion. If a claim is true, then there must be some good reasons for believing it. 8The goal of a  good argument is to present and defend true conclusions. Philosophy is devoted to uncovering and clarifying the reasons that support conclusions and separating them from the claims that allegedly support the conclu- sion but fail. In philosophy papers we present, explain, and critically evaluate arguments. In some cases, a  famous and infl uential argument will be the subject of a  paper assignment. Sometimes a  philosophy paper assignment will require a  presentation and explana- tion of two or more arguments. Some philosophy paper assignments will ask you to present your own argument for your own conclusion about a  given subject. Before the writing itself it is necessary to get ready for acquir- ing writing...

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