Selected Figures of Scholastic Tradition I
6. Anselm of Canterbury
The end of 8th and the whole of the 9th century was a period of extensive cultural renewal and rich literary production. Old texts were evaluated and rewritten, as were commentaries, encyclopaedias and glosses. It could be said that this period left a whole Latin literary corpus. The nature of the literature of the 10th century is already diff erent. It is not organically related to the school sys- tem nor to the evaluation of the old anymore. Its charac- teristics are self-conﬁ dence and self-reﬂ ection. Despite the fact that the 11th century is often over- looked as a transitional century between the 10th cen- tury Ottonian Renaissance and the signiﬁ cant 12th cen- tury, from a philosophical point of view, we have to pay attention to it and take a closer examination of some of its scholars. 62 An important scholar of the 11th century was Anselm of Canterbury (1033 – 1109) who is rightfully considered to be the “father of scholastics” and, after Eriugena, was the ﬁ rst real philosopher of the Middle Ages. Anselm was the most important student of Lanfranc in a prominent monastic school in Bec and later he became its prior. From 1093, Anselm was the archbishop of Canterbury. Anselm formulated his understanding of the relation between faith and intellect in a statement that faith searches for understanding (“ﬁ des quaerns intellectum”). In an introduction to a famous script Proslogion (Speech to You), Anselm claims that he does not need intellect in order to believe but...
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