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Philosophy of Transcendence: Selected Problems

Series:

Jana Trajtelová

Does God exist? Is it meaningful to speak of the Infinite or the Absolute? What is to be understood by concepts such as soul, spirit, or love? Are religious truths philosophically relevant and philosophically tenable? The reflective critical thinking of philosophy tries to embrace each side of human reality, even the matters and themes which arise out of the religious experience. This auxiliary textbook intends to present several selected topics of the philosophy of religion and it is primarily intended for bachelor students of philosophy.

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Introduction

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  Does God exist? Is the common experience through our senses the only and most exhaustive way of knowing? Is it meaningful to speak of a fi nal reality, Infi nity, or the Absolute? What is to be understood by concepts such as the soul, spirit, or love? Are religious truths philosophi- cally relevant and moreover tenable? Does the existence of the world and humankind have a deeper purpose? Fur- thermore is it meaningful to speak of purpose? Questions concerning the divine mystery, or the source of being, concerning the origin and purpose of humankind are inseparable from human existence. Human beings have asked themselves these questions since time immemo- rial and have answered them in various ways. Myths and religious beliefs were here before philosophical refl ec- tions. Religion and myth represent a  primary means of man relating to his or her experience and a  funda- 8mental way of asking questions concerning transcend- ence. “Religion is more original than philosophy since it conveys a spontaneous relationship of man to God or to divine forces before it is refl ected in thinking” (Coreth, 2008, p. 17). The rational and critical argumentation of philosophy raises very similar questions, however, it is more important for philosophy to problematize what seems to be obvious rather than provide defi nitive answers or doctrines; after all, these are not possible in the openness and creativity of philosophical thinking as long as the discipline wishes to remain faithful to itself and to the searching of truth; philosophy disturbs...

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