European Transnational Social Fields and Identifications
2. Contemporary social order and identifications
Due to social transformations that resonate with technological development, the development of mass media and global connectivity, the repertoire of social in- formation has increasingly become a matter of choice. It has been argued that new unpredictable and uncertain social areas have emerged, which influenced a number of transitions in everyday life as reflected in the character of social organisation and in the structuring of the global system (cf. Beck, Giddens, Lash 1994). The world we live in seems to be unstable; everything appears to always be on the move. Social, economic and cultural connectivity have come to be an inevitable fact and the regular movements of people, goods and ideas have increasingly become part of everyday reality. The accelerating “time-space com- pression” (Harvey 1989) forms a condition for social change that expresses dy- namics between agents and social structures on several global and local levels. Individuals and their position in society have come to be seen in the light of ever-changing global conditions and transnational connections. The influence of the rapid flow of mass media images, scripts and sensations brought about “a new order of instability in the production of modern subjectivi- ties” (Appadurai 1996, p. 6), while networks of social relations, cultures of adapta- tion, and political and economic institutions also work on global and transnational levels. Expansive changes in communication technologies and structures led to the relativisation of our established cultural and individual practices, while the multi- plicity of ideas influences the perception of the self and...
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