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The EU Education Policy in the Post-Lisbon Era

A Comprehensive Approach

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Caroline U. Amann

This book provides a comprehensive view of the current state of affairs and possible developments in EU education law and policy. It covers the innovations brought about by the Lisbon Treaty as well as the Lisbon/EU 2020 Strategy and its implications for education and training and analyses the EU programme Erasmus+. Moreover, it takes a close look at the right to education as contained in the Charter of Fundamental Human Rights of the European Union and outlines the main trends in European Court of Justice case law. Finally, it focuses on cohesion policy measures and assesses the education initiatives undertaken by macro-regional strategies and the European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation (EGTC) European Region Tyrol-South Tyrol-Trentino.
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8. Regionalism in the European Union: Taking Education to a Whole New Level

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While national governments are formidable participants in EU policy making, control has slipped away from them. […] the locus of political control has changed.824

8.1 EU Cohesion Policy and Education and Training

In a time of multi-level governance, policy areas have to be approached from various levels. Depending on whether a Member State is organised as a federal, regionalised or unitary state, the local and regional levels may also be competent in regard to the content and organisation of education and vocational training (cf. Articles 165(1) and 166(1) TFEU). Thus, it is vital to encourage and foster cross-border, transnational and interregional cooperation in education and training. With a total of 273 regions (NUTS 2 according to the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics), there is quite a potential for cooperation at the regional level. With the Lisbon Treaty, territorial cohesion was added to the Union’s objectives. Article 3(3) TEU explicitly stipulates that the Union “shall promote economic, social and territorial cohesion”. Furthermore, “territorial cohesion” has been inserted into Title XVIII (“Economic, Social and Territorial Cohesion”), which provides the foundations for cohesion policy. Article 174, para 1 TFEU reads “[i]n order to promote its overall harmonious development, the Union shall develop and pursue its actions leading to the strengthening of its economic, social and territorial cohesion.” According to Article 174, para 3 TFEU, “particular attention shall be paid to […] cross-border […] regions.” There have been tendencies to limit cohesion policy to the poorer...

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