Edited By Corina Daba-Buzoianu, Hasan Arslan and Mehmet Ali Icbay
Space-Time-Body Transformations in Monsters of Horror Genre
In this study, it is aimed to explore the relationship between “monsters as being fantastic iconographical figures of horror movies such as vampires, werewolves, zombies, etc.” and “space-time-body” transformations. The study focused on Robin Wood’s question of “What does the monster stand for?” In this way, monsters as iconographical figures in relation with space-time-body transformations were evaluated in examples of both, mainstream Hollywood and Turkish horror films.
Robin Wood (1986) concentrated on “repressed” and “the return of repressed”. While he mentioned “basic repression” with natural control mechanisms peculiar to living creatures such as reflex acts, he emphasizes “surplusrepression” and its formation in cultural environment. At this point, the structure of the western society that is normalized under the roof of “surplusrepression” is monogamous, heterosexual, bourgeois, male-dominated, capitalistic individuals. In this case, it is needed to seek for answer of the question, “What is repressed?” in western culture (Wood, 1986, p. 71–72).
Wood elaborates the “otherness”, which is enlightened by psychoanalysis to provide perceptiveness to the concept, repression. According to the system, which idealizes the western society; “the other” people are women, proletariat, and other cultures; ethnical groups within a culture, alternative ideologies, ideological sexual deviation and children, obviously (Wood, p. 73–75).
It is usual that in the ages of social crisis, different cultural representations appear. Some of these representations develop solutions or alternatives about the crisis and idealize them, some of them produce metaphors enabling solutions, and...