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China’s Economic Engagement in Africa

A Case Study of Angola

Sezgi Cemiloğlu

This book analyzes the growing influence of China in Angola. The author answers the question how and in what extent China has gained influence over the economic development of Angola since the end of the civil war in 2002. She presents the economic facilities of China in Angola from trade and investment to business transactions in the context of Andrew Moravcsik’s Commercial Liberalism Theory. To measure the extension of China’s economic influence through its way of investment (Angola-Mode) and a «no strings attached»-policy, not only the economic interdependent relations between China and Angola have become the focus of this far-reaching book. The author also discusses a process of gradual change of the relations of two rival powers – China and the USA – with Angola.
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Chapter 5: Conclusion


This dissertation set to answer a central question “How and to what extent has China gained an influence over the economic development of Angola since the end of the civil war in 2002?” In the context of this question it is intended to shed light on the controversial and complex economic relations of China-Angola, and to understand the existing relations through Moravcsik’s IR theory of Commercial Liberalism. In consideration of both the theoretical approach and the research question, there were three distinct hypotheses that were derived. The three Commercial Liberalist hypotheses have been tested through an empirical examination.

In order to judge the validity of these hypothetical predictions, it is important to keep them in mind:

Hypothesis 1: Cooperation of China and Angola in the core economic areas would lead to a relationship based on interdependency in which both sides stand on mutual economic and political necessities.

Contrary to popular belief, the relations between China and Angola do not serve only Chinese interests but also Angolan interests. As is demonstrated in this study, regarding aid principles, China has advocated and applied key terms and concepts such as ‘partnership,’ ‘developing together,’ ‘co-operation,’ ‘mutual benefits’, versus concepts formerly and traditionally associated with ‘aid’, which tends to refer more specifically to ‘charity.’ The top-down foreign aid flow increases the dependency ratio of recipient countries to the cycle of development aid. These aid agreements, in which African countries are subject to the several...

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