Knowledge and Technology Transfer from Germany to Turkey: It’s Past, Current Situation and Future Challenges
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to explore, examine and assess knowledge and technology transfer from Germany to Turkey through utilization of some qualitative and quantitative research methods. To accomplish this purpose via qualitative procedures, a comprehensive literature review was conducted in the related areas of social sciences such as history, political science, international relations, economics and business. After delineating what is technology, how it is transferred and the importance of technology transfer, this research explores that technical and other know-how transfers from Germany to Turkey within the domains of military, industry, commerce, education and science have taken place in the 20th century, especially in the Turkish Republic era. Similarly, qualitative literature review shows that political, economic, cultural, social and scientific relations between Turkey and Germany facilitate the knowledge and technology transfer in the new millennium, albeit there are some difficulties and challenges for technology transfer from Germany to Turkey. Quantitative analysis of official data on the number of German companies, their patent and contractual agreements records in Turkey, and academician and expert exchanges between the two countries reveals that Turkey has transferred and continues to transfer some knowledge and technologies from Germany. This study concludes with emphasizing Turkey’s knowledge and technology acquirement areas from Germany; and it also calls for urgent research need for precise assessment of the subject matter.
Keywords: Knowledge Transfer, Technology Transfer, Turkish-German Relations
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