IV. Nihilism as Axiological Illness
1. The Savior as idiot
Nihilism as a cultural phenomenon is associated with a form of madness or with other illnesses of the human spirit, or is considered an illness itself. The nihilist is not in his right mind or suffers from a strange illness that cannot be diagnosed or treated by any physician. These activities are the responsibility of another type of physician, a ‘physician of culture’ as Friedrich Nietzsche said.
The nihilist, who knows by certitude that there is nothing behind any recognized and traditional values, has been seen in history as a lunatic, barbarian, out of his mind, or idiotic. In the following lines I will refer to this final state, using as a starting point Nietzsche’s strange opinion about the psychological type of Jesus. Nietzsche polemized with Renan, who ‘has introduced the two most inappropriate concepts possible into his explanation of the Jesus type: the concept of genius and the concept of the hero (héros)’.111 Nietzsche’s criticism has very strong fundaments. Jesus’ psychological features are opposed to those of the hero.
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