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From Multitude to Crowds: Collective Action and the Media


Edited By Eduardo Cintra Torres and Samuel Mateus

From Multitude to Crowds: Collective Action and the Media presents a study of collective action in the 21 st century. Experts from Sociology, Political Science, Philosophy, Political Communication and Media Studies offer a multidisciplinary approach to social formations in contemporary collective action. The various contributions discuss the relevance of media and communications in social movements and how social mobilization has changed in mediatized societies.
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Freudian Mass Psychology in the Age of Networks



The rise of the modern masses

One of the characteristics of modernity is the rise of the masses, related to a string of sundry factors. Waves of urbanization follow first the commercial capitalism and then the Industrial Revolution. What Lyotard (1979) dubs the “great narratives” of modernity constitute the axis around which the urban masses are assembled in “the age of revolution” (Hobsbawm, 1996) and beyond. Countering both revolutionary processes and ordinary unrest in the streets, disciplinary dispositifs to regulate and conduct the masses are developed (Foucault, 1993; Gorski, 2003). By the mid-19th century, as Benjamin comments, the energy of the masses strolling through the streets in the Paris of the Second Empire seems to spur consumption:

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