Selected Figures of Scholastic Tradition I
3. Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite
The work of Boethius implicitly points to a fundamental inner danger which was inherent to the nature of scholastic philosophy and theology from its inception. It was excessive rationalism, But in what sense? Boethius insisted on an inevitable mutual bond of belief and intellect. The “revelation” would surely be inaccessible to man if it was not somehow compatible and congruous with his intellect, if it was not rationally perceivable. This conviction can be understood as a principle. Faith without some basal understanding would not even be possible. Hermeneutical understanding is necessary even for faith. Scholastics is characterised by a great faith in the cognitive skills of man from its beginning.
How to perceive the rational understanding of faith? If we insisted on an exclusive rational understanding the mystery would be excluded and thus faith itself as well. In ← 29 | 30 → this sense, it is possible to talk about the danger of excessive rationalism in scholastics, rationalism which would not accept the existence of anything super-rational, anything that exceeds rationality. Therefore, scholastics involves a danger of overestimating the rational andthe scope of argumentative deductive thinking, which we can demonstrate via Boethius’ rational reflections on the mystery of Trinity. In the work of Thomas Aquinas, this becomes obvious from his use of the term demonstratio which is commonly translated as evidence however in the context of scholastics it instead meant as simple and common reasoning. Despite this tendency, medieval scholars manage to avoid this ever present danger. Pseudo-Dionysius...
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