Selected Problems of Metaphysics and Ontology
10. Metaphysics and Problem of Intuition. Henri Bergson
One of the key problems which stretch across the history of metaphysics and epistemology is the problem of intuition. More space will be devoted to it in this chapter by analysis of the approach of Henri Bergson.
Henri Bergson tried in his works to create a philosophical concept which would be based on accuracy. Philosophy, or traditional metaphysics, which he criticises, lacks accuracy. According to him, the traditional philosophical systems are not “tailored” to the reality in which we live. “They are far too big for it” (Bergson, H.: La pensée et le mouvant, 1969). These systems would fit into a world where there are not, besides people, any plants, animals and people do not need to sleep and eat, dream, the energy would not be consumed in this world but on the contrary, it would increase but the systems that are criticised by Bergson are so abstract that ← 71 | 72 → they can involve everything both possible and impossible.
Bergson based his metaphysics on a new approach to the evolution of life which took into account real time, or better to say, duration, passage, dynamics, and change. Bergson says that it is natural that science is not interested in duration since its function is to put the world together for us where we can cover the effects of time due to the simplicity of actions. Philosophy should approach duration in a different way. Bergson believes the whole problem of abstract philosophical systems lies...
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