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Introduction to Philosophy

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Renáta Kišoňová

The first part of this textbook introduces philosophy to the reader as a part of culture, in addition to science, religion, art. It outlines various disciplines of philosophy, metaphysics, epistemology, aesthetics, philosophy of mind etc. The second part maps the understanding of history, or the philosophical reflection of history in the history of philosophy.
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Introduction

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This textbook is based on the lectures of the course The Introduction to Philosophy, which I have been teaching for several years at the Department of Philosophy of FFTU (Faculty of Arts of Trnava University) in Trnava. On the book market there are many “Introductions to Philosophy”, many of which are treated as a brief history of the subject. This is not the aim of this textbook for two reasons. On one hand, presenting the history of philosophy is a much too ambitious goal, and on the other the sheer extent of this topic does not permit such an approach. I considered the structure of the text for a long time before finally deciding to split it into two parts: the first part introduces philosophy to the reader as a part of culture, in addition to science, religion and art. It outlines various disciplines of philosophy, metaphysics, epistemology, ethics and aesthetics; philosophy ← 7 | 8 → of mind, philosophical anthropology, social philosophy and philosophy of history. This moves smoothly on to the second part of the text which maps the understanding of history, or rather, the philosophical reflection of history in the history of philosophy (these reflections have some representation here, if only on one platform of a specific problem).

At the beginning of this text, I am obliged to inform the reader that any introduction – including the introduction to philosophy – is only a beginning. Therefore at the end of each chapter you will find recommended literature and...

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