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From the Protohistory to the History of the Text

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Javier Velaza

This volume contains the papers of the colloquium Protohistory of the Text, which took place on 28 and 29 November 2013 at the Universitat de Barcelona. Each paper is devoted to the transmission of a major classical Latin text. The contributors are distinguished scholars from around the world such as Paolo Fedeli, Peter Kruschwitz, Marc Mayer, Stephen Oakley, Oronzo Pecere, Antonio Ramírez de Verger and Richard Tarrant. They discuss texts ranging from the comedies of Plautus and Terence through the writings of Cicero, Livy and Virgil to the Historia Augusta. Their papers review existing scholarship and offer new insights into the transmission of these texts and especially into their protohistory, the phase of their history that precedes the earliest surviving manuscripts.
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Rodolfo Funari - Outlines for a protohistory of Sallust’s text

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Rodolfo Funari*

Outlines for a protohistory of Sallust’s text

Introduction

The textual tradition of the preserved works of Sallust, namely Bellum Catilinae and Bellum Iugurthinum, hangs on a sizeable group of manuscripts dated between the ninth and the twelfth centuries, which constitute the recension in modern critical editions1. The subject is one of the most widely investigated, therefore better known, in the history of Sallust’s tradition; several papers and considerable monographs have been devoted to this subject2. On the other hand it is true that we are not in possession of positive data either of the roots of a former textual tradition or, consequently, on the relations between Medieval manuscripts and earlier periods of the same tradition. More recently, even the theoretic assumption of a unique archetype, considered as the origin of the manuscripts’ genealogy, has been challenged: it is likely that the textual tradition of Sallust’s works has early branched in different ancient editions, more or less reliable, which were distinguished by peculiar readings and features, maybe of local origin3. It is vain, therefore, to try to trace a protohistory of Sallust’s textual tradition in a purely theoretical way. However, archaeological and philological discoveries, between the nineteenth and the twentieth centuries, have brought to light a valuable evidence, really belonging to the protohistory of Sallust’s text. An examination of this evidence, namely consisting of fragmentary remains from papyrus and parchment books, dated back to the period between the first and...

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