Rodolfo Funari - Outlines for a protohistory of Sallust’s text
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Outlines for a protohistory of Sallust’s text
The textual tradition of the preserved works of Sallust, namely Bellum Catilinae and Bellum Iugurthinum, hangs on a sizeable group of manuscripts dated between the ninth and the twelfth centuries, which constitute the recension in modern critical editions1. The subject is one of the most widely investigated, therefore better known, in the history of Sallust’s tradition; several papers and considerable monographs have been devoted to this subject2. On the other hand it is true that we are not in possession of positive data either of the roots of a former textual tradition or, consequently, on the relations between Medieval manuscripts and earlier periods of the same tradition. More recently, even the theoretic assumption of a unique archetype, considered as the origin of the manuscripts’ genealogy, has been challenged: it is likely that the textual tradition of Sallust’s works has early branched in different ancient editions, more or less reliable, which were distinguished by peculiar readings and features, maybe of local origin3. It is vain, therefore, to try to trace a protohistory of Sallust’s textual tradition in a purely theoretical way. However, archaeological and philological discoveries, between the nineteenth and the twentieth centuries, have brought to light a valuable evidence, really belonging to the protohistory of Sallust’s text. An examination of this evidence, namely consisting of fragmentary remains from papyrus and parchment books, dated back to the period between the first and...
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