4. Project-Based Discipline-Specific Writing
Projects form an integral part of industry- and business-related fields, indeed of almost any branch in today’s working world. It is, therefore, likely that college and university graduates will be involved in project work in companies, research institutions, authorities and non-governmental organisations. Even those students who continue their education in a graduate programme and strive for an academic career will be increasingly faced with project-based research because the economic situation of many tertiary institutions necessitates the acquisition of external funding to nourish research activities. Furthermore, projects are an essential working method for the manufacturing and service industries, and they play an indispensable role in satisfying the demands of regional, national and global economic areas. Projects can range from small-scale dimensions as in the case of company-internal working groups that are assigned a specific short-term task to large-scale dimensions as in aircraft manufacturing when tens of thousands of employees in multiple companies worldwide are involved in the design, production and maintenance of a commercial airliner over decades. Concerning their purpose, projects are principally launched to solve problems, produce commodities or provide services required by economic markets or legal entities.
It is reasonable, then, to introduce projects also in education and training for the workplace. Project-based learning already represents a key element in various academic, scientific and engineering disciplines, where it serves the purpose of applying acquired knowledge to the solution of authentic problems or tasks. Content disciplines employ projects as a teaching and learning method to consolidate...
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