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Multilateralism in Global Governance

Formal and Informal Institutions

Edited By Assel Tutumlu and Gaye Güngör

The aim of this edited volume is to bring back multilateralism in global governance research by going beyond the state-centric and formal models of multilateralism of the 1990s and deeper into the informal private agents and structures of global governance. The volume is situated within the third generation scholarly research tying together disparate efforts from various disciplines, such as International Relations, Public Administration, International Law and International Political Economy under the overarching theme of multilateralism approached from the three different angles: normative dimensions of global governance, issue-areas, such as migration and international trade, as well as the limits of multilateralism.
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“Global Governance and International Security Organizations: the OSCE and NATO” Çiğdem Üstün

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Çiğdem Üstün1

Global Governance and International Security Organizations: the OSCE and NATO

Introduction

In the 21st century, when the meaning of sovereignty has gone through considerable modifications and attention is diverted to the difference between the security of the state and the security of society, it is almost impossible to accept Clark’s definition of security as “the protection of vital interests within a sovereign space” (Clark 1999, 114), as the sole definition of the concept. Throughout history, the conceptualisation and perception of security threats have been in a process of constant change (Attina 2000). The conclusion of the Cold War, the reunification of Germany and the war in Yugoslavia have all changed the world map dramatically in the 1990s. The war in Yugoslavia brought a vicious, dev­ast­at­ing and long-lasting conflict into a region, which had been peaceful for fifty years. The ethnic or religious motives of the groups involved had been suppressed by Cold War bipolarity. The decline of one of the superpowers removed the ideological restraints, leading to the creation of a political vacuum that, in turn, sparked a crisis close to the EU’s borders. When the Cold War ended, it was assumed that military force would not be as essential as it had been and that spending on weaponry would decrease. This proved not to be the case, since terrorism and organised crime, became global in terms of their effects. After the collapse of...

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