Formal and Informal Institutions
Edited By Assel Tutumlu and Gaye Güngör
“Global Governance and International Security Organizations: the OSCE and NATO” Çiğdem Üstün
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Global Governance and International Security Organizations: the OSCE and NATO
In the 21st century, when the meaning of sovereignty has gone through considerable modifications and attention is diverted to the difference between the security of the state and the security of society, it is almost impossible to accept Clark’s definition of security as “the protection of vital interests within a sovereign space” (Clark 1999, 114), as the sole definition of the concept. Throughout history, the conceptualisation and perception of security threats have been in a process of constant change (Attina 2000). The conclusion of the Cold War, the reunification of Germany and the war in Yugoslavia have all changed the world map dramatically in the 1990s. The war in Yugoslavia brought a vicious, devastating and long-lasting conflict into a region, which had been peaceful for fifty years. The ethnic or religious motives of the groups involved had been suppressed by Cold War bipolarity. The decline of one of the superpowers removed the ideological restraints, leading to the creation of a political vacuum that, in turn, sparked a crisis close to the EU’s borders. When the Cold War ended, it was assumed that military force would not be as essential as it had been and that spending on weaponry would decrease. This proved not to be the case, since terrorism and organised crime, became global in terms of their effects. After the collapse of...
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