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From Humanism to Meta-, Post- and Transhumanism?

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Edited By Irina Deretić and Stefan Lorenz Sorgner

The relationship between humanism, metahumanism, posthumanism and transhumanism is one of the most pressing topics concerning many current cultural, social, political, ethical and individual challenges. There have been a great number of uses of the various terms in history. Meta-, post- and transhumanism have in common that they reject the categorically dualist understanding of human beings inherent in humanism.
The essays in this volume consider the relevant historical discourses, important contemporary philosophical reflections and artistic perspectives on this subject-matter. The goal is to obtain a multifaceted survey of the concepts, the relationship of the various concepts and their advantages as well as their disadvantages. Leading scholars of many different traditions, countries and disciplines have contributed to this collection.
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Evanghelos Moutsopoulos, Academy of Athens - Is a Renewal of Humanism Possible Today?

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Evanghelos Moutsopoulos

Academy of Athens

Is a Renewal of Humanism Possible Today?

One often wonders whether a universal mind of the fourth century B.C., Plato, say, or Aristotle, would be startled if confronted with our own civilization, our technological achievements and our cultural preferences; in short, our way of life.

The general aspect of our civilization, as it would appear to Plato or Aristotle, is markedly homogeneous. For it clearly reflects a common tendency toward two main goals of mankind: an easier and happier life for the individual, and greater organization and prosperity for society. Plato and Aristotle would also find that humanity has been in continuous evolution, something they had already noticed. They would however consider that, evolution being not necessarily identifiable with development or progress, our moral achievements do not seem to adequately match our technical achievements, as far as respect for human beings is concerned, and they would have made a striking note of this gap. They would have tried to point out the significance of this gap in retarding the harmonious growth of our societies, and would have concluded that the gap was the most prominent manifestation of a deep and lasting historical crisis.

History seems to be moving ever-faster forwards today. To speak of the next phase of the world means that we see our contemporary world as a world of transition toward a future new world, likely constructed on an equally...

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