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From Humanism to Meta-, Post- and Transhumanism?


Edited By Irina Deretić and Stefan Lorenz Sorgner

The relationship between humanism, metahumanism, posthumanism and transhumanism is one of the most pressing topics concerning many current cultural, social, political, ethical and individual challenges. There have been a great number of uses of the various terms in history. Meta-, post- and transhumanism have in common that they reject the categorically dualist understanding of human beings inherent in humanism.
The essays in this volume consider the relevant historical discourses, important contemporary philosophical reflections and artistic perspectives on this subject-matter. The goal is to obtain a multifaceted survey of the concepts, the relationship of the various concepts and their advantages as well as their disadvantages. Leading scholars of many different traditions, countries and disciplines have contributed to this collection.
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Boris Bratina, University of Priština, Kosovska Mitrovica, Serbia - Other or The Other?


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Boris Bratina

University of Priština, Kosovska Mitrovica, Serbia

Other or The Other?

It may once again be posited: “What does it still mean today to ask about The Other?” Anyone “normal” would answer that The Other is one who is not them. As for people, I exist and (all) the others also do, indeed. Conversely, if observed from isolated consciousness, then I and (all) other things exist. According to the former proposition, I is situated in the multiplicity of what other is. I is in opposition to all which is simply other. However, both these propositions describe the two main situations in regard to the existence of I. Therefore, the question about The Other acquires the sense of a triangle, consisting of I (ego), The Other (alius), and that which is simply other (aliud). Still, what do these terms primarily mean?

Although these concepts can hardly be conceived of as isolated from one another, they must be differentiated somehow; thus, let it be understood that when “I” is in question, all that can be spoken of it is “I” itself. Therefore, when one says “I”, one always means “Me”. In other words, I is all that has consciousness about itself, i.e., self-consciousness, and that which possesses it is to be considered as personality. In this sense, The Other is also “Me” and thus is something which can also be the same in itself. However, it is not one’s...

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