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Language Varieties Between Norms and Attitudes

South Slavic Perspectives- Proceedings from the 2013 CALS Conference

Edited By Anita Peti-Stantic, Mateusz Milan Stanojevic and Goranka Antunovic

This volume brings together thirteen articles presented at the 27 th International Conference of the Croatian Applied Linguistics Society held in Dubrovnik in 2013. The authors explore four groups of issues: stability and change at the intersection of the standard and other varieties; language policy and language attitudes in relation to the status of L1 and L2; bilingualism and multilingualism; translation solutions reaffirming and/or establishing the norm. The articles focus on the contemporary Croatian and Slovenian sociolinguistic situation, relating it to the current situation in Europe.
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Dialects in and around small urban centres in the northern Čakavian area: The current situation

Abstract

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On the basis of 30 years of following the linguistic situation in smaller urban centres on the mainland and islands in the northern Croatian Adriatic (Mošćenice on the mainland, and Cres, Veli Lošinj, Mali Lošinj and Osor on the islands), in this paper we analyse tendencies that are in many respects similar to those in the “big” cities. Our observations are supported by a comparison of data on dialects of these small towns from the period when they still had the status of dialect points1 that can be found in the literature and the results of recent field research conducted by the authors. We also analyse linguistic tendencies in these areas.

Traditional rural dialectology has not had much success in dealing with the phenomenon of variability (i.e. the variation of a particular dialect), largely due to the structuralist approach to the study of dialects with the goal of describing the language system. Another reason for this is the fact that traditional dialectology is usually, albeit sometimes indirectly, oriented to historical linguistics, i.e. dialects are described in order to facilitate the reconstruction of proto-languages. This is a long-honored tradition from the time of Neogrammarians, who conducted dialectological fieldwork alongside their historical studies. ← 49 | 50 →

Although dialectologists start from the actual language production of a particular dialect (that is, its linguistic realization) in order to describe its grammar, they also try, on the phonetic level, to note those elements that they identify as...

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