Transitional Justice, Domestic Change and the Role of the International Community
Edited By Klaus Bachmann and Dorota Heidrich
Agnieszka Bieńczyk-Missala - Early Warning and the Prevention of Atrocity Crimes: The Role of the United Nations
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Early Warning and the Prevention of Atrocity Crimes: the Role of the United Nations
The idea of preventing mass atrocities became part of the international order after World War II. Yet it was not until the 1990s that the actual debate about the practical aspects of prevention began. At the time, the international community realized that it had not been able to respond effectively to mass violations of Human Rights, and that it should be more focused on prevention. This chapter first outlines the emergence of the idea of prevention in the context of the development of the UN system of Human Rights protection. The system is largely a consequence of World War II and a product of the Cold War era. It has a clear preventive dimension, especially if it is coupled with monitoring the Human Rights situation as well as promotion and education in this regard. This chapter describes the main reasons behind the decision of the UN General Assembly to adopt “R2P” in 2005 and then presents the preventive instruments that are available to and used by the UN.
The United Nations Human Rights protection system
The preventive idea is enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations of June 26, 1945. Bearing in mind past wars, the states undertook to “save succeeding generations from the scourge of war” and to “reaffirm faith in fundamental Human Rights, in the dignity and worth of...
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