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The Civil Service in Poland

Theory and Experience

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Jolanta Itrich-Drabarek

The book analyzes the theoretical and practical aspects of civil service in Polish public administration and discusses it in a European context. While civil service is explored from a comparative, historical and systemic perspective, the study takes a close look at the history of Polish civil service from 1922 to 2014, civil service in the Second Republic, the status of civil servants during the Polish People’s Republic and the formation of civil service after 1989. There is a special focus on solutions adopted in the light of the Civil Service Act of November 21st, 2008, and the importance of civil service for the modernisation process of public administration in Poland.
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Chapter 7: Dysfunctions in the Civil Service and Tools to Contain Them

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Chapter 7:  Dysfunctions in the Civil Service and Tools to Contain Them

The Source of Violations of Civil Service Ethical Canons

In the study of the irregularities in the civil service and cases of violations of its integrity, I have drawn upon my personal observation and, naturally, the data available. I find that the causes and mechanism which have generated them can be traced back to the ideas predominant at the turn of the twenty first century. I do not believe it possible to point to a single factor that would determine all the others or could be the source of all the difficulties in the civil service. If we assume that the problems experienced by civil servants are representative of the problems throughout all of bureaucracy, and in fact of society as a whole, we can then identify the causes of these problems on several levels.

Structural factors have their effect on the dysfunctions in the civil service, by which we mean the social and organisational structure in which the civil service has to function, the nature of the social structure (democratic or elite) and the depth of social divides. The deeper the social divides and the more hierarchical the organisational structure of administrative institutions, the greater is the threat to the integrity of the civil service. Searching for sources of the various wrongdoings attention should be paid not only to the environment and its impact on the functioning of those employed in...

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