Ukraine’s complex transition
Edited By Klaus Bachmann and Igor Lyubashenko
Nationalism, Party Politics and Political Transition: Batkivshchyna and UDAR
This chapter provides a brief introduction to the two leading opposition parties at the time of the 2013/14 political crisis. It is based exclusively on publicly available sources including analytical literature and media reports.
The political parties Batkivshchyna (eng. ‘Fatherland’) and UDAR (‘The Ukrainian Democratic Alliance for Reform of Vitali Klitschko’) are both relatively well known outside Ukraine. The former has a long-standing presence in Ukrainian politics and initially gained international attention in connection with the Orange Revolution, in which its leader Yulia Tymoshenko played a very visible part. In comparison, UDAR is a smaller and more recently established party, which rose to international prominence primarily in connection with the events on the Maidan in 2013–2014. They represent two of the three major opposition parties involved in the events following Yanukovych’s rejection of the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement.
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