Theoretical approaches of Italian historiography linguistics from Antonino Pagliaro (1930) to Giulio Lepschy (1990–94): comparison between models and methods
Abstract: The history of Italian linguistics in the Nineteenth and Twentieth centuries is complex and variously articulated. The reason for this complexity can be recognized at first in the historical and cultural events which have characterized our country, that has been fragmented from a political point of view for a long time and therefore lacks of a center capable of leading the many differentiating pushes back to the unit. Political and territorial division produced social, cultural and, obviously, linguistic effects, which characterized the traits of our studies. On a linguistic level, for example, the presence of widely different local dialects in the Italian area affected the process of linguistic unification for a long time. The change of the social and linguistic structure of Italy in the years after the unification was underlined in all its aspects by Tullio De Mauro, in a capital work (Storia linguistica dell’Italia unita, 1963), in which, furthermore, those social phenomena (such as migration, urbanization, education and spread of new media), the main driving force, are highlighted. However, in the early years of the Twentieth century, the thinking over language is still tied to the methodology and paradigms of the historical comparative studies of the previous century, although there are isolated openings to new cultural incentives deriving from the constitution of new theoretical approaches (in sociological, semantic, pragmatic, semiotic, and, finally, neuroscientific fields) and the recontextualization of other disciplines (such as philosophy). Two very important historiographical works act as opening and closing of this...