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Liberalization of Transportation Services in the EU: the Polish Perspective


Edited By Andrzej Cieślik and Jan Jakub Michałek

Poland’s accession to the EU in 2004 created new challenges and opportunities for its transport service firms operating within the framework of the EU Single Market. This book evaluates the market structure in the Polish road, maritime, rail and air transport sectors and compares them to other EU countries, using both sectorial and firm-level data. Despite infrastructural underinvestment in most transport sectors, Poland enjoys a strong competitive position in supplying international road and rail cargo services, but the modernization of transport infrastructure remains a major challenge.
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6 The Regulatory Framework and the Market Structure of Maritime Transportation Services


Over the centuries, maritime transport has been the basis of international, social and economic relations. It is inherently international in its character and has been the largest carrier of freight throughout recorded history. Although its popularity, especially with respect to passenger transport, has decreased with the development of aviation, the relatively low cost of waterborne transport still makes it an effective alternative to air freight traffic for long international routes. Therefore, sea transport remains the most important means for the international transportation of goods, especially in terms of intercontinental connections, carrying the greatest amount of cargo traffic in terms of tonnage. In order to liberalize the sector, countries need to adopt common international norms and unify their policies regarding maritime transport services. Furthermore, liberalization requires the removal of any legal or administrative provisions restricting market access in seaborne transport services.

This chapter is structured as follows. While section 1 discusses the functioning of the maritime freight transportation sector and barriers to trade, section 2 considers the international regulatory regime in the sector. Section 3 covers EU rules and regulations and section 4 covers Polish rules and regulations in the maritime freight transportation sector1, finally, section 5 concludes.

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