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Transdisciplinary Interfaces and Innovation in the Life Sciences

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Edited By Eunsook Hyun, Rainer Paslack and Hilmar Stolte

Life science comprises any of the branches of natural science dealing with the structure and behavior of living organisms and their relationships to one another and the environment. By presenting the proceedings of three transdisciplinary transatlantic workshops, this book deals with the interface among the ever expanding fields of molecular biology, nano-technology and synthetic biology as well as the subsequent ethical issues and the need for regulations. In this context the book emphasizes the role of regulations and ethical practices in clinical research, and points out the different approaches used in Europe and the USA. Clinical research was discussed from the perspective that medicine is and should always be a socially responsive human engagement advancing the condition of the living.
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Protecting Humans as Consumers and Subjects: Different Ethical Standards in the Conduct of Research in Europe and America – Jennifer Radden

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Protecting Humans as Consumers and Subjects: Different Ethical Standards in the Conduct of Research in Europe and America

Jennifer Radden

1. Introduction

The new and emerging science and technology (NEST) of today leaves most people gasping – at the way it will affect every corner of our lives, at its speed in effecting change, and at its transformational potential. This discussion is about some of the ethical underpinnings of policies around protecting humans, as consumers and as subjects, in the face of these breath-taking new realities. My focus is policy and values differences between, and within, Western nations over particular issues. Politics and practicalities, as well as local idiosyncrasies and other non-ethically based cultural variations explain many, but not all, such differences. About those that remain, it can be asked on what value presuppositions, and within what form of ethical reasoning, are they grounded?

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