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Challenges to Representative Democracy

A European Perspective


Robert Wiszniowski

Using different perspectives and various approaches, this collection of diagnostic texts aims at presenting all the possible faces of the contemporary Nation-State. Based on political science methodology, this volume is devoted to both theory and practice. The structure of the book is unconventional. The issues presented are extremely contextual, subject to an ongoing discussion and mostly unpredictable. From the scientific point of view, the territorial differentiation in the traditional uniform of the Nation-State is simply reconfigured and reshaped due to the new logic of internal market competition.
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The porcelain fragility of authoritarian states


Roman Bäcker

Nicolaus Copernicus University, Poland

In political science the term “fragility” is used to describe certain states (fragile states) and indicates the condition of their weak capacity or/and the lack of their legitimization with a parallel low level of their affluence (Marcus 2012; Lewis 2013; Denney 2012; Fragile State Index 2014).

However, there is a considerable gap in research concerning the fragility of modern authoritarian states. In this case “the fragile state” is understood differently. The term does not denote inefficiency or the lack of loyalty of citizenry. The issue is of a different nature. Why do these allegedly strong and powerful states, still flexing their military muscles, collapse right after they manifest the first signs of weakness? Why is the collapse of authoritarian structures so sudden? Why do these structures resemble a porcelain vase? Whereas unblemished and beautiful on the surface, why do they shatter into irreparable pieces due to a minor shock?

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