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Theologie im Spannungsfeld von Kirche und Politik - Theology in Engagement with Church and Politics

Hans Schwarz zum 75. Geburtstag- Hans Schwarz on the Occasion of his 75 th Birthday


Edited By Matthias Heesch, Thomas Kothmann and Craig L. Nessan

Die 39 Beiträge dieses Sonderbandes beleuchten das Thema Theologie im Spannungsfeld von Kirche und Politik aus unterschiedlichen Perspektiven. Neben historischen Aspekten werden sowohl politisch-zeitgeschichtliche Fragen als auch ethische Problemstellungen bedacht. Weitere Aufsätze widmen sich der praktisch-theologischen Reflexion und Konkretion im Rahmen der christlichen Gemeinde, wie auch der Relevanz des Themas in außereuropäischen politisch-kulturellen Kontexten. Der internationale Autorenkreis setzt sich überwiegend aus Kolleginnen und Kollegen, Schülerinnen und Schülern des Regensburger Systematikers Hans Schwarz zusammen. Im Rahmen der Regensburger Summer School 2014 haben sie damit auch das Lebenswerk von Hans Schwarz anlässlich von dessen 75. Geburtstags gewürdigt, in dem das theologisch geleitete Umgehen mit der säkularen Welt eine wichtige Rolle spielt.
The 39 contributions to this special issue develop the theme Theology in Engagement with Church and Politics from a variety of perspectives. Alongside the exploration of historical aspects, both contemporary political questions and ethical dilemmas are examined. Further contributions are devoted to the reflection upon practical theology, Christian congregational praxis, and contextual studies, which demonstrate the political and cultural relevance of this theme beyond Europe. The international circle of authors is constituted largely of colleagues and students of Professor Hans Schwarz, systematic theologian from Regensburg, Germany. In conjunction with the 2014 University of Regensburg Summer School, the authors dedicate this volume to the lifetime achievement of Hans Schwarz on the occasion of his 75 th birthday, in whose work the engagement of theology with the secular world plays a major role.
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The Participation of the Christians in the Political Atmosphere in Indonesia


Binsar Nainggolan


Foreign mission boards, shaped by Pietism, frowned on political involvement of Indonesian Christians. Still today such involvement is often treated with suspicion. Yet the Huria Kristen Batak Protestant Church sees it as a Christian witness for the church to be politically astute and involved in worldly affairs.

Political awareness among Christians in Indonesia has not been significant. It is the result of the teaching of the European missionaries who spread the Gospel in Indonesia in the 19th century. They came mostly from the Mission Boards which were influenced by pietism. This influence urged Christians to neglect any political involvement, and therefore churches were distanced from political thinking.1 Therefore politicians in political parties in the country, who were Christians, taught that the church had no other means than the word of God, and there was no specific Christian social policy. They emphasized that there was no socio-political program in Christianity. The church had no task to control earthly needs or to restore earthly relationships. The church should let state and society do the tasks mentioned above.2

In articulating more about this theme it is good for us to go back to the church history. The participation of Christians in politics was not done from the beginning of the church. The believers in the early church did not pay much attention to politics because their understanding on eschatology was very narrow. They thought that the coming of the kingdom of God...

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