Hans Schwarz zum 75. Geburtstag- Hans Schwarz on the Occasion of his 75 th Birthday
The 39 contributions to this special issue develop the theme Theology in Engagement with Church and Politics from a variety of perspectives. Alongside the exploration of historical aspects, both contemporary political questions and ethical dilemmas are examined. Further contributions are devoted to the reflection upon practical theology, Christian congregational praxis, and contextual studies, which demonstrate the political and cultural relevance of this theme beyond Europe. The international circle of authors is constituted largely of colleagues and students of Professor Hans Schwarz, systematic theologian from Regensburg, Germany. In conjunction with the 2014 University of Regensburg Summer School, the authors dedicate this volume to the lifetime achievement of Hans Schwarz on the occasion of his 75
The Participation of the Christians in the Political Atmosphere in Indonesia
Foreign mission boards, shaped by Pietism, frowned on political involvement of Indonesian Christians. Still today such involvement is often treated with suspicion. Yet the Huria Kristen Batak Protestant Church sees it as a Christian witness for the church to be politically astute and involved in worldly affairs.
Political awareness among Christians in Indonesia has not been significant. It is the result of the teaching of the European missionaries who spread the Gospel in Indonesia in the 19th century. They came mostly from the Mission Boards which were influenced by pietism. This influence urged Christians to neglect any political involvement, and therefore churches were distanced from political thinking.1 Therefore politicians in political parties in the country, who were Christians, taught that the church had no other means than the word of God, and there was no specific Christian social policy. They emphasized that there was no socio-political program in Christianity. The church had no task to control earthly needs or to restore earthly relationships. The church should let state and society do the tasks mentioned above.2
In articulating more about this theme it is good for us to go back to the church history. The participation of Christians in politics was not done from the beginning of the church. The believers in the early church did not pay much attention to politics because their understanding on eschatology was very narrow. They thought that the coming of the kingdom of God...
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