Case Studies in Cameroon, Nigeria and Uganda
Protection of animal species endangered by climate change in Sub-Saharan Africa
Global warming is the single most urgent threat to the future of wild-life and wild-life habitats in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Of the 28 countries reported worldwide to be exposed to extreme risks of global warming, 22 are in Sub-Saharan Africa. Within this region of Africa, animal species such as the Dama gazelle, Umbrella thorn, Scimitar-horned oryx, Spotted hyena, Cameroon Clawless Otter, Demoiselle crane, Mandrill, Potto, the Gray parrot, Bongo, and Clarke’s Gazelle are currently facing varying degrees of endangerment. The impacts of global warming pose two major problems across the sub-continent: changes in phenology (timing of season elements) and changes in distribution of wildlife. Low availability of forage resulting from drought have led to habitat loss and overcrowding around few lakes, eliminating in the outbreak of diseases terrestrial species like the Grevyzebra. Sharks, Dolphins and Whales are increasingly threatened by climate changes that are altering ocean circulation, sea surface temperatures, and even the chemistry and salinity of the ocean. Preservation of endangered animal species of SSA is important, not only on economic grounds, but also because they offer a vast genetic “library” from which we can withdraw many useful items in the future. A first priority should be a comprehensive compilation of native animal species in SSA countries and documentation of the status of each of them. This should be followed up with practical habitat protection actions. The creation of a professional society dedicated to ecological ethics to help in research and management of biodiversity...
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