Feeling the taste of victory: The figurative utilization of the concepts Mouth and Tongue in English, German and Hungarian: Erzsébet Tóth-Czifra
Feeling the taste of victory: The figurative utilization of the concepts MOUTH and TONGUE in English, German and Hungarian
Erzsébet Tóth-Czifra (Budapest)
The aim of this paper is to investigate how our most salient speech organs, the mouth and the tongue, are utilized in the figurative speech of three languages, namely English, German and Hungarian. It is a well-established view in the cognitive-linguistic literature that the nonliteral uses of linguistic expressions containing mouth and tongue result from complex – and in many times, simultaneous – processes of metaphorization and metonymization motivated by bodily experience (see, e.g., Goossens 1995; Charteris-Black 2003; Yu 2011; Nissen 2011). Previous investigations fall generally under two research areas. The first of these is concerned with the issue of universality and cultural variation (e.g. Nissen 2011; Deignan & Potter 2004; Charteris-Black 2003; Radden 2001). Within this group, two main emphases can be delineated. Studies concerning the primarily metonymic nature of using mouth and tongue in figurative expressions highlight the universality and the embodied nature of such patterns (see especially Günter Radden’s work on this field,1 e.g. Radden 2001), while those focusing on cultural variation either pay attention to the variation of metaphors based on speech organs as source domains (Nissen 2011; Yu 2011) or address the question of whether any cognitive preference towards metaphor or metonymy is observable across cultures in this semantic field (Charteris-Black 2003). These studies demonstrate that aside from the strong bodily basis of the employment of the...