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Cognitive Explorations into Metaphor and Metonymy

Frank Polzenhagen, Zoltan Kövecses, Stefanie Vogelbacher and Sonja Kleinke

This volume presents selected contributions to an annual symposium on metaphor and metonymy held at the English Department of Heidelberg University. It brings together papers by lecturers, PhD students and graduates from three universities – Heidelberg University, Eötvös Loránd University in Budapest, and the University of East Anglia in Norwich. The contributions illustrate the plurality of perspectives and methods in current cognitive-linguistic research on metaphor and metonymy and exemplify some of the ways in which they can be combined. The papers also attest to the wide range of domains and topics to which metaphor- and metonymy-based research can be applied, including emotion terms, political and scientific discourse, morphology, cross-cultural variation and internet communication.
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Feeling the taste of victory: The figurative utilization of the concepts Mouth and Tongue in English, German and Hungarian: Erzsébet Tóth-Czifra

1. Introduction

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Feeling the taste of victory: The figurative utilization of the concepts MOUTH and TONGUE in English, German and Hungarian

    Erzsébet Tóth-Czifra (Budapest)

The aim of this paper is to investigate how our most salient speech organs, the mouth and the tongue, are utilized in the figurative speech of three languages, namely English, German and Hungarian. It is a well-established view in the cognitive-linguistic literature that the nonliteral uses of linguistic expressions containing mouth and tongue result from complex – and in many times, simultaneous – processes of metaphorization and metonymization motivated by bodily experience (see, e.g., Goossens 1995; Charteris-Black 2003; Yu 2011; Nissen 2011). Previous investigations fall generally under two research areas. The first of these is concerned with the issue of universality and cultural variation (e.g. Nissen 2011; Deignan & Potter 2004; Charteris-Black 2003; Radden 2001). Within this group, two main emphases can be delineated. Studies concerning the primarily metonymic nature of using mouth and tongue in figurative expressions highlight the universality and the embodied nature of such patterns (see especially Günter Radden’s work on this field,1 e.g. Radden 2001), while those focusing on cultural variation either pay attention to the variation of metaphors based on speech organs as source domains (Nissen 2011; Yu 2011) or address the question of whether any cognitive preference towards metaphor or metonymy is observable across cultures in this semantic field (Charteris-Black 2003). These studies demonstrate that aside from the strong bodily basis of the employment of the...

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