Circulating Ideas of Policy and Legal Decisions Processes in Korea and Germany
Edited By Eun-Jeung Lee and Hannes B. Mosler
“Policy moves, across time and space and in a number of other ways, too. It is made in words, and words which move are translations.”
It has by now become almost commonplace in academic literature to note that processes of circulating knowledge, or epistemai, as well as dynamic transformations of institutions occur all over the world, and that they are more and more interactively connected to one another. There is a burgeoning research literature on internationalizing, globalizing, and supernationalizing ideas, knowledge, policies, and institutions. The field of operational research, in particular, has recently seen some very fruitful endeavors dealing with the question of how to describe, analyze, and explain the worldwide diffusion of ideas and knowledge on policy issues.
As is well known, previous academic literature attempted to approach these phenomena by understanding them as processes of “copying,” “transferring,” “teaching,” “learning,” “transmitting,” or “transplanting.” Recently, such approaches to analyzing the dissemination of policy ideas and policy decisions – in the form of policy transfer, policy learning, legal transplantation, and knowledge diffusion – have been challenged by the analytical concept of policy translation. The rationale behind this post-positivistic, conceptualized perspective is to improve on existing approaches by widening the scope of analysis to include dynamics and mechanisms that have not, so far, been properly addressed in spite of forming part of the dissemination process. Most of the still scarce literature on the translation concept bases its argumentation on a constructivist understanding that emphasizes aspects...
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