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New Insights into Slavic Linguistics

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Edited By Jacek Witkos and Sylwester Jaworski

This volume presents a number of contributions to the 2013 Annual Meeting of the Slavic Linguistics Society held in Szczecin, Poland, October 26–28. The largest number of articles address issues related to the (morpho)syntactic level of language structure, and several papers describe results of recent research into different aspects of Slavic linguistics as well. The current volume proves conclusively that Slavic linguists make a remarkable contribution to the development of various theoretical frameworks by analysing linguistic evidence from richly inflected languages, which allows them to test and modify contemporary theories and approaches based on other types of data.
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Clausal Subjects in Polish Predicational Clauses with Nominal Predicates

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Anna Bondaruk

John Paul II Catholic University, Lublin

1. Introduction

The aim of the paper is to propose a syntactic analysis of Polish clausal subjects found in predicational clauses with nominal predicates. It is argued that clausal subjects of this type are true subjects, which nonetheless can move to the left periphery of the clause and then act as topics. The paper consists of 5 sections. Section 2 focuses on the clausal subjects to be analysed in the paper and their categorial status. Section 3 examines the structure of Polish predicational clauses with nominal predicates. Section 4 provides an analysis of the syntax of clausal subjects under consideration. Section 5 concludes the paper.

2. Polish clausal subjects and their categorial status

The term ‘clausal subject’ is used to refer to a sentence which either itself occupies the subject position or is extraposed from it and comes to occupy the sentence final position (see Bondaruk 2000: 6). Although Polish clausal subjects can occur in a number of contexts (cf. Wietrzyk 2010), we will focus here on one context only, namely clausal subjects with the copula verb być ‘to be’, followed by a nominal predicate, marked for the instrumental, as in (1) and (2) below:



← 35 | 36 → Sentences (1) and (2) show that Polish clausal subjects are introduced by a pronominal shell, i.e. to ‘this’.3 Clausal subjects can be extraposed, as can be seen in (3) and (4)...

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