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New Insights into Slavic Linguistics


Edited By Jacek Witkos and Sylwester Jaworski

This volume presents a number of contributions to the 2013 Annual Meeting of the Slavic Linguistics Society held in Szczecin, Poland, October 26–28. The largest number of articles address issues related to the (morpho)syntactic level of language structure, and several papers describe results of recent research into different aspects of Slavic linguistics as well. The current volume proves conclusively that Slavic linguists make a remarkable contribution to the development of various theoretical frameworks by analysing linguistic evidence from richly inflected languages, which allows them to test and modify contemporary theories and approaches based on other types of data.
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Polish Anticausative Morpho-Syntax: A Case for a Root-Based Model against Lexicalist Reflexivization


Anna Malicka-Kleparska

John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin

1.  Introduction

The fact that anticausatives and causatives often share roots or stems and that groups of anticausatives are marked by reflexive-like looking morphemes, e.g. se in Spanish, się in Polish, sich in German, has lead a number of researchers (e.g. Medová 2011, Junghanns et al. 2011, Beavers and Koontz-Garboden 2012, 2013 a, b) to proposing that anticausatives with pseudo-reflexive particles are derived from transitive structures, similar to true reflexives, whose internal and external roles are identified with each other, forming one argument predicates (e.g. of unergative type in Medová 2011). The suggested relationship may be illustrated by examples of anticausative and causative verbal structures:

(1a) No se rompistó el vaso – sine que lo rompiste tú! (Spanish) ‘The glass did not break – you broke it’

NEG REFL broke the glass – rather it broke you (Koontz-Garboden 2009: 103)

(1b) Wiatr studzi wrzątek (Polish) ‘Wind makes boiling water colder’

Wind cool.3rd SG boiling water

Wrzątek studzi się na wietrze ‘Boiling water grows colder in the wind’

Boiling water cool.3rdSG REFL on wind

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