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Space and Location in the Circulation of Knowledge (1400–1800)

Korea and Beyond

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Marion Eggert, Felix Siegmund and Dennis Würthner

In response to the recent surge of interest in studying epistemic transfers and changes, this volume assembles an interdisciplinary range of articles that look at the production, consumption and dissemination of knowledge in East Asia, centering on Korea, under the paradigm of knowledge circulation. Applying this heuristic tool offers new perspectives on pre-modern Korea and beyond. It allows for flexibility of scale and thus facilitates the identification of shared processes of appropriation, digestion and re-distribution of ideas, regardless of whether the exchanges take place between states and nations, between social groups, or even between individuals. The articles in this volume stress the spatial and social aspects of the process of knowledge circulation in particular: the role of location and of social networks in the production, evaluation and dissemination of new knowledge.
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A Study on the Assimilation of Qing Military Technology in Chosŏn during the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries – Kang Seok Hwa

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A Study on the Assimilation of Qing Military Technology in Chosŏn during the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries

Kang Seok Hwa1 Translated by Dennis Wuerthner

Introduction

In the late sixteenth century and during the first half of the seventeenth century, Chosŏn Korea waged all-out wars against Japan and Qing China. Yet it was Qing China’s attacks to which Chosŏn Korea had to surrender and which ultimately led to a shift in sadae-relations from the Ming to the Qing. With regard to cultural transfer, Qing culture was at first deliberately ignored and demonized in post-war Chosŏn. However, as mutual transfer and contacts increased, the high standards of Qing culture were gradually acknowledged, and this eventually led to its broad importation.2 Until now, studies on the subject have dealt mainly with the changing understanding of the foreign in Chosŏn Korea, the amount of cultural goods imported from the Qing and the influence of Western science entering the country via Qing China. Although hostile post-war relations came to an end and serious conflicts did not arise, Chosŏn made preparations for a second Qing attack even until the early eighteenth century by taking all sorts of defensive measures, such as, for example, maintaining military organizations and training systems, reconstructing regional defense networks, improving and developing weaponry and rebuilding massive fortifications. Much research has already been carried out in this area, although scholars have thus far mainly focused on analyzing the...

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