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Common or Divided Security?

German and Norwegian Perspectives on Euro-Atlantic Security

Robin Allers, Carlo Masala and Rolf Tamnes

Twenty-five years after the end of the Cold War, Euro-Atlantic security is under pressure. Faced with major geopolitical shifts, instability at its frontiers and financial crisis at home, the European nations and their American Allies will have to rethink how to design common security. Failure to animate the European Union (EU) and to reinvigorate the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) as efficient tools for peace and security might lead the West back to the spectre of divided security, to fragmentation and renationalisation. This book addresses the main challenges to Western security from the perspective of two European Allies: Germany and Norway.
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Chapter 6: Challenges to the Rule of Law: EU-US Counter-Terrorism Cooperation

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Challenges to the Rule of Law:EU-US Counter-Terrorism Cooperation

Annegret Bendiek

The United States and the member states of the EU form a well-established security community – with NATO as its institutional basis and democracy as its firm normative foundation. The growing conflict between the US and its Asian allies on the one side, and a growingly assertive China on the other, has underlined that both Atlantic partners have much more in common than just economic interdependence. They are political systems established on democratic principles, the rule of law and a deep commitment to human rights. The revelations in 2013 over the spying practices of the US National Security Agency (NSA) will not change this. Although they did provoke a broad political debate, they will hardly invite any major recalculation on any side of the partnership. The transatlantic partnership is of strategic importance for both sides, and without any realistic alternatives.

It is also true, however, that the very different approaches of the US and the EU to countering non-state security threats have put the partnership under significant strain. Both partners differ in their evaluations of the challenges posed by terrorism and in their choices of adequate means for meeting these challenges. Ever since 9/11, the United States has considered terrorism as an existential threat to its security. The military intervention in Afghanistan and the broad activities of the NSA are evidence of this perception. The EU and its member states, on the other hand,...

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