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Poverty and Inequality in Ecuador, Brazil and Mexico after the 2008 Global Crisis


Lukasz Czarnecki, Erik Balleza and Mayra Saenz

How deep is the impact of the 2008 global crisis on Ecuador, Brazil and Mexico? Although having similar experience with the policies of the Washington Consensus, Ecuador, Brazil and Mexico have established different concepts of social and economic development during the last decade. These differences could also be observed during and after the global crisis in 2008. In contrast to the social anti-neoliberal policy implemented in Ecuador and the progressive social and economic policy in Brazil, Mexico has been carrying out the policy of continued neoliberalism. One of the conclusions drawn is that Mexico faces abysmal inequalities and persistence of poverty, which are not only explicated by historical roots, but also by strong applications of neoliberal policies.
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The case of Mexico: Lukasz Czarnecki


The case of Mexico

Lukasz Czarnecki

National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) Institute of Economic Research Postdoctoral Fellow Mexico E-mail:


Let me start this article by describing two pictures taken in May 2013 in two different states of Mexico: Chiapas and Veracruz. Regina, an 18-year old adolescent does not study, but works all day at the milpa, which is a field that has to be cleared for planting crops such as corn and beans among others. Regina’s father decided her life.

On the other hand, Beatriz and Isabella, daughter and mother, do not participate in any social programs, but they are still working. Isabella, who is 87 years old, works five days a week, from 8AM to 2PM as a so-called “domestic worker” in one of the richest family house in Jalapa, the capital city of Veracruz state in Mexico. She has not received any pension.

Regina, Beatriz and Isabella suffer from the hard conditions of living, independently due to the impacts of the 2008 crisis.

Regina, Mitontic, Chiapas Mexico, 2013 © Photo Lukasz Czarnecki

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