Proceedings of the LCTG3 Conference
Edited By Amei Koll-Stobbe and Sebastian Knospe
Marisa Patuto, Laia Arnaus Gil, Nadine Eichler, Veronika Jansen, Anika Schmeißer and Natascha Müller (University of Wuppertal): Child-external and -internal factors in bilingual code-switching: Spanish, Italian, French and German
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Child-external and -internal factors in bilingual code-switching: Spanish, Italian, French and German
Marisa Patuto, Malin Hager, Laia Arnaus Gil, Nadine Eichler, Veronika Jansen, Anika Schmeißer, Natascha Müller
Past and recent research on code-switching in early bilingualism has focused particularly on adult bilingualism addressing linguistic, sociolinguistic and pragmatic aspects. Our study contributes to the field of child code-switching in early bilingualism. Based on the literature, we predict that code-switching is unrelated to language dominance and the language of the community, whereas the setting and the strategy of bilingual education have an impact on the occurrence of child code-switching. Our longitudinal and cross-sectional studies, however, show that code-switching is unrelated to language dominance and the strategy of bilingual education, but related to the language of the community and the setting. Our investigation reveals that young bilinguals use code-switched utterances to a rather low degree. We will discuss this general result against the background of the young bilingual child as a (nearly) perfect language controller and the notion of code-switching as a (cognitively) costly process.