Show Less
Open access

E-Political Socialization, the Press and Politics

The Media and Government in the USA, Europe and China

Series:

Edited By Christ´l De Landtsheer, Russell Farnen and Daniel B. German

This book examines the state of print and electronic media in the United States of America, Europe, and China. The latest mass communication advances demonstrate that we live in an increasingly media-centric world. The chapters include theoretical and empirical studies that shed light on the meaning of this development. The trajectory of people’s move to electronic communication is a global phenomenon affecting their daily life. Does this trend aid or impede democracy? Is there an emerging digital divide contributing to an increasing gap between the rich and poor people and nations? The four parts of this book explore various aspects of political socialization and its relationship with different media, including print, broadcasting, and the Internet.
Show Summary Details
Open access

Index of Subjects

| 363 →

Index of Subjects

Belgium

political websites, 107

Central and Eastern Europe (CEE)

political websites in, 140–49

China

e-governance for social harmony, 360

e-government, 359

e-media, press, government, politics in, 341–62

Government Online Project, 349–54

impact of Internet on politics, 355–59

Internet in, 13

political participation and Internet, 360

citizens

and the Internet, 162–66

in China netizens on Internet, 341

Crisis Communication Combination (CCC) theory

and language complexity, 225

and method, 224

and Ukraine, 221–38

democracy and virtual politics, 303–17

digital divide, 77, 102, 162, 341, 356

in US, 98

in US Internet usage, 93

electronic media

and models of human agency, 307–10

and political involvement, 12, 13

deficit, 319–25

democracy and virtual politics, 303–17

e-media in China, 341–62

e-politics

and US adults, 92

participation friendliness of websites, 101–19

ethnography and politics, 58–59

Euro, 12, 185

metaphors and, 185–99

press reporting on, 203–17

European Union (EU)

Euro as single currency in, 185

Euroland, 186

metaphors in press, 185–99

political websites in, 136–40

press reporting on Euro, 203–17

Finland

political websites, 106

frame, 12

defined, 207

Germany

Green Party Convention, 304–7

political websites evaluated, 139

government websites, 123–53

human agency models

and information technology, 307–10

passive agent, 307

rational actor, 308

sovereign actor, 309

Information and Communication Technology

(ICT), 157

Internet

access for minorities in US, 86

advantages for politics, 104

and citizens, 162–66

and Green Party Convention, 304–7

and less face-to-face contact, 99

and models of human agency, 307–10

and political campaigning, 107–8

and political communication in US, 99

and political involvement, 12, 124

and politics, 158–62

and US political socialization, 83–86

as socialization agent, 21–23

China’s political communication media, 345—49

citizens’ use of, 123–25

combined with Chinese politics, 349–54

democratic impact of, 125

disadvantages for politics, 105

favored by younger generation in US, 335

impact on Chinese politics, 355–59

in China, 341–62

in China users called netizens, 341

in China’s government, 13

influence on communication, 323

online news access in US, 97

parental filters in US, 88

participation friendliness of websites, 101–19

rise of simulated politics, 310–15

transformed politics, 177

upholds incumbent political powers, 11

upholds incumbent powers, 157–78

use patterns for adults in US, 92–98

use patterns for children in US, 86–92

media

affect on political participation, 329–39

and socialization of minority children in US, 84

and terrorism, 12, 251–300

as socialization agent, 21–23

Brigate Rosse and Moro case, 271–76

CCC theory and, 227

deficit of electronic, 319–25

defined and described, 261–65

electronic up in US, 77–99

in Russia, 12, 241–47

on Ukraine’s Orange Revolution, 221–38

print down in US, 77–99

print vs. electronic, 11

radio in US, 323

television and Internet in US, 83–86

use patterns for adults in US, 92–98

use patterns for children in US, 86–92

metaphors

defined, 186–89

in EU press, 185–99 ← 363 | 364 →

in press coverage, 12

newspapers used in Euro study, 189

power index in Ukraine, 232

power of, 225

used in crisis, 223

used in Ukraine, 225

modals

in Ukraine Orange Revolution, 233

types of, 226

New Zealand, 104, 106

newspapers

fewer readers in US, 81

influenced by television, 322

Orange Revolution and media in Ukraine, 221–38

participation friendliness

of political websites, 127, 135

of websites, 11, 101–19

peer culture and political consciousness, 27–38

Poland

political websites in, 145

political consciousness, influence of peer culture on, 27–38

political education, 11

political participation

affected by 9/11

in US, 330

affected by electronic media deficit, 319–25

and Internet, 13

and Internet in China, 349–54

and media’s affect on, 329–39

and virtual politics, 310–15

and website friendliness, 101–19

community connections, 126

family influence on, 20

information seeking, 126

Internet influence on, 109

political activity, 127

theory, 102

voting, 126

website quality and, 110–11

political party, effectiveness of websites, 166–69

political socialization, 10, 157

defined, 17–26

hidden curriculum and, 46

Internet influence on, 21–23

media’s affect on, 329–39

new model for electronic age, 323–24

of youth, 10

television and Internet in US, 83–86

US educational trends, 60–68

political transition and language, 223–24

political websites

aesthetically pleasing?, 133–35

EU and CEE comparison, 149–51

in CEE evaluated, 140–49

in European Union (EU), 136–40

in former Yugoslavia evaluated, 145

in Poland evaluated, 145

in Russia evaluated, 141–45

in Ukraine evaluated, 146

interactive aspects of, 130–31

measure quality of, 135

participation friendliness of, 127

provide information, 128

the Netherlands, evaluated, 169–76

user-friendliness of, 123–25

politics

and the Internet, 158–62

virtual and democracy, 303–17

press

metaphors in EU, 185–99

reporting on Euro, 185–99, 203–17

reconceptualism

contrasting US theories, 45–48

politics, education and in US, 41–69

Russia

law on mass media, 246

political websites in, 141–45

post-Communist media, 241–47

socialization

affects of Internet in US, 97

affects of television in US, 97

agents of, 10, 19–26

media and minority children in US, 84

media influence on, 21–23

media influence on in US, 77–99

new model for electronic age, 323–24

television

and US political socialization, 83–86

coverage of Euro introduction, 205

focus on violence, 321

impact on US children, 92

in Russia, 243

main source of news and entertainment, 320

US news viewing trends, 96

terrorism

and media, 12, 251–300

Brigate Rosse and Moro case, 271–76

international, defined and described, 256–61

systemic relationship with media, 276–94

the Netherlands

1998 elections, 127

political party websites evaluated, 169–76

political websites evaluated, 138

Ukraine

media during and after Orange Revolution, 22931

media on Orange Revolution, 221–38

political transition, 221–38

political websites evaluated in, 146

United Kingdom (UK)

political websites, 106

political websites evaluated, 138

United States (US) critical theory in 1990s, 41–69

educational scene in 1990s, 41–45

educational trends, 60–68

Internet and political socialization, 83–86

Internet for political campaigns, 108 ← 364 | 365 →

low media consumption and voting, 335

media after 9/11, 330

media use by adults, 92–98

media use by children, 86–92

media use in, 77–99

political participation after 9/11, 330

political participation and media, 329–39

political websites, 106

social capital, losing, 80–83

society, compared, 78–82

television and political socialization, 83–86

voter turnout in 2002

election, 331

voter turnout in 2004

election, 338

user-friendliness. See participation friendliness

virtual politics

and democracy, 303–17

Baudrillard’s developmental history, 310–15

Green Party convention, 304–7

party in the simulacrum, 315

voter turnout

and electronic media, 13

in US elections, 13

websites

aesthetic features, 111

and political campaigning, 107–8

assesment criteria, 115–19

effectiveness of for political party, 166–69

evaluation of, 11

government, evaluation of, 123–53

interactive features, 110

participation friendliness of, 11, 101–19, 101–19

political, 11, 101–19

quality of for politics, 110–11

youth

and political consciousness, 27–38

get news online, 335

Yugoslavia (former)

political websites evaluated in, 145